Gap and surface fillers that remain highly
flexible when cured to allow movement. These are particularly good
for ceilings and junctions of wood to plaster.
paint made from synthetic resin instead of natural oils.
trade name, which is now used generically to describe wallpaper that
has patterns or bubbles embossed in the surface.
Paint applied over a solvent will be gradually
dissolved and show stains. Solvents responsible for this would typically
be wood resin, chimney tars (leeched out by damp walls) and cooking
oils. To avoid this, a solvent resistant undercoat, such as knotting,
must be used.
Usually oil paint applied in layers of different
colours or tints, which is brushed or combed into patterns of wood
grain, marble or weave.
primer paint used for galvanised surfaces.
traditional unstable wall paint comprising water, pigment and glue
that pre-dated emulsion.
oil -based paint that dries semi matt but retains the strength of
paint where the solvent is water and the oil content is mixed with
a medium that disperses the oil into minute droplets that can be held
in the water as a liquid but reform to a hard surface when the water
paint has been applied too thinly over darker surfaces, the surface
below may show or grin through.
mixture of varnish where the solvent is methylated spirits so the
coating is not dissolved by wood resin. It is applied onto bare wood
over knots or resin pockets.
wallpaper used to cover poor surfaces prior to applying paint or wallpaper.
diluted first coat plaster which is applied to seal the absorbent
surface and highlight areas to be filled.
in which the pigment is bound by oil such as linseed and tung. This
is very hard wearing but gives off a strong odour and brushes can
only be washed in white spirit.
paints, which are poisonous and so, require special care. The paint
is used as a primer for steel and has good corrosion resistance.
thin mixture of water and glue, which is brushed onto absorbent or
new walls to seal the surface and prevent absorption. This has been
replaced by primer/sealers but the process may still be referred to
oil bound paint that has high absorption properties and strong resin
binders similar to alkyds. The paint is applied as a preparation to
flaking or dusty surfaces.
An emulsion paint with good wearing and cleaning
two-layer wallpaper with wood chippings sandwiched between the layers.
This is used to cover poor surfaces and to hide undulations.