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Decorator
Acrylic Fillers Alkyd Anaglypta
Bleeding through Broken paint Chromate
Distemper Egg Shell Emulsion
Grinning

Knotting

Lining Paper
Mist Coat Oils Plumbate
Size Stabiliser Vinyl Matt/Silk
Wood Chip    
ACRYLIC FILLER
Gap and surface fillers that remain highly flexible when cured to allow movement. These are particularly good for ceilings and junctions of wood to plaster.
ALKYD
Oil paint made from synthetic resin instead of natural oils.
ANAGLYPTA
A trade name, which is now used generically to describe wallpaper that has patterns or bubbles embossed in the surface.
BLEEDING THROUGH
Paint applied over a solvent will be gradually dissolved and show stains. Solvents responsible for this would typically be wood resin, chimney tars (leeched out by damp walls) and cooking oils. To avoid this, a solvent resistant undercoat, such as knotting, must be used.
BROKEN PAINT
Usually oil paint applied in layers of different colours or tints, which is brushed or combed into patterns of wood grain, marble or weave.
CHROMATE
A primer paint used for galvanised surfaces.
DISTEMPER
A traditional unstable wall paint comprising water, pigment and glue that pre-dated emulsion.
EGG SHELL
An oil -based paint that dries semi matt but retains the strength of gloss.
EMULSION
A paint where the solvent is water and the oil content is mixed with a medium that disperses the oil into minute droplets that can be held in the water as a liquid but reform to a hard surface when the water evaporates.
GRINNING
Where paint has been applied too thinly over darker surfaces, the surface below may show or grin through.
KNOTTING
A mixture of varnish where the solvent is methylated spirits so the coating is not dissolved by wood resin. It is applied onto bare wood over knots or resin pockets.
LINING PAPER
A wallpaper used to cover poor surfaces prior to applying paint or wallpaper.
MIST COAT
A diluted first coat plaster which is applied to seal the absorbent surface and highlight areas to be filled.
OILS
Paint in which the pigment is bound by oil such as linseed and tung. This is very hard wearing but gives off a strong odour and brushes can only be washed in white spirit.
PLUMBATE
Lead-based paints, which are poisonous and so, require special care. The paint is used as a primer for steel and has good corrosion resistance.
SIZE
A thin mixture of water and glue, which is brushed onto absorbent or new walls to seal the surface and prevent absorption. This has been replaced by primer/sealers but the process may still be referred to as sizing.
STABILISER
An oil bound paint that has high absorption properties and strong resin binders similar to alkyds. The paint is applied as a preparation to flaking or dusty surfaces.
VINYL MATT/SILK
An emulsion paint with good wearing and cleaning properties.
WOOD CHIP
A two-layer wallpaper with wood chippings sandwiched between the layers. This is used to cover poor surfaces and to hide undulations.
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